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Disaster recovery and restoration can be veiled in mystery to the many who have not undertaken specific training. This glossary explains technical terms to assist both report writing and the understanding of those technical terms so often misunderstood.

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The Disaster Advice Glossary and its contents are the protected copyright of Disaster Advice
 

Qirra

A computer software estimating program of Prism. The program includes a damage and restoration database and pricing that allows photos to be added into the estimate. There are many other features the manufacturer offers. Contact Prism at 800/525-7671 or www.prism-net.com.

 

Qualified Person

A person with specific training knowledge and experience in the area for which the person has the responsibility and the authority to control.

 

Qualitative Analysis

The analysis necessary to determine what chemicals organisms or agents are present irrespective of the amounts of those compounds or elements. See Grab Samples Preliminary Sampling Survey Representative Samples Quantitative Analysis

 

Qualitative Building Screening Evaluation

A process conducted as part of screening method and evaluation wherein relevant data is collected identifying exposures and exposure pathways. The necessary information and data collection as part of the investigation activities during the initial assessment screening process.

 

Qualitative Risk Analysis

A non-numeric evaluation of the potential risks at a site as determined by the potential exposure pathways based on known or reasonably expected and available information.

 

Qualitative Swab Sample Screening

Qualitative swab sample screening requires a larger number of swabs and sampling than surface screening does. Qualitative sampling reduces the chance of offering and providing false negative erroneous results. More exact qualitative screening and investigation for coliform and enteropathogen-type bacteria are necessary for pre-schools and schools kitchens and food service locker rooms and showers food preparation and food processing hospitals medical and dental facilities clinics and laboratories or where immune-compromised persons reside. See Clearance Swab Sampling Surface Screening for Coliform Bacteria

 

Quality Assurance/Quality Control

Visual and scientific methods used to obtain accurate and reliable information resulting from inspection and/or follow up monitoring or post-tests.

 

Quantitative Analysis

The analysis necessary to determine the precise amounts of certain chemicals organisms or agents that are present. See Qualitative Analysis

 

Quantitative Limits

The minimum amount of some chemicals toxins bacteria fungi and allergens that can be detected and measured with a suitable degree of reliability. Some quantitative limits are constrained by science while other limits are constrained by budget.

 

Quantitative Variables

An environmental characteristic which must take into account of the continued changes variables in materials and atmosphere. This is based on levels of contamination temperature humidity air movement and pressure which must be measured against time mass growth and decay. See Sample Variables

 

Quarantine

The enforced isolation of a building or area for a fixed period of time. Health Note Quarantine typically relates to diseased buildings that have a direct health effect on its occupants such as Legionella Stachybotrys or Aspergillus disease. Enforced isolation is usually authorized by the health department or a medical specialist. c Contractor Note The word quarantine should not be used by contractors and other non-enforcement personnel since it can be misinterpreted. See Abandoned Dwelling Abandonment Condemned Confined Space Isolation Permit Required Confined Space

 

Quick Building Drying

Restorative Drying Note In water damage remediation it refers to the fastest and safest methods possible to accelerated building material drying. Quick building drying may include wet carpet and pad removal so the air movers and dehumidification equipment can work more efficiently. c Quick building drying usually requires larger more commercial size dehumidifiers to accelerate building drying. d Quick building drying is necessary on commercial and industrial buildings to reduce business loss.

 

Quiescent

A state of inaction quiet static and complete stillness. Education Note Sometimes environmental assessors and industrial hygienists will air sample interiors of buildings using quiescent means for determining static loads of chemicals vapours toxins and bioaerosols in relatively still air.

 

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