Toxic Mould and Stachybotrys Chartara
Toxic mould is invariably a misnomer as all mould are said to be allergenic although only 16 have been identified as toxic out of 100,000 species stuidied. While this small percentage of toxic genus may seem low, the unfortunate reality is that these toxic moulds which release mycotoxins have usually been identified in damp or wet buildings. Typical toxic moulds include Penicillium Aspergillus, Stachybotrys and these generally although not always produce Tricothecene or T2 toxins a secondary metabolite which produces mycotoxins. Recognised as chemical warfare agents toxic mould by products have been used by the military in Laos and Afghanistan and are said to be responsible for thousands of deaths. Typical health issues include flu like symptoms, depression and some have been linked to cancer. Toxic mould may not always release toxins and therefore may be difficult to identify as its growth may be hidden in cavities. All mould is allergenic but the 16 current genus noted as "Toxic Mould" will invariably release toxins when attacked.